विपर्ययो मिथ्याज्ञानमतद्रूप प्रतिष्ठम् ॥८॥
viparyayo mithyā-jñānam-atadrūpa pratiṣṭham ||8||

[RS] 1.8 Error arises from knowledge that is based on a false mental construct.

[JW] 1.8 Misconception is an erroneous idea not based on that form [in respect of which the misconception is entertained].

[SS] 1.8 Misconception occurs when knowledge of something is not based upon its true form. [p12]

[TD] 1.8 Misapprehension is that comprehension that is taken to be correct until more favorable conditions reveal the nature of the object. [p151]

[EB] 1.8 Error is false knowledge stemming from the incorrect apprehension [of something]. [p38]

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(विपर्यय, viparyaya) = error; false perception; false knowledge
(मिथ्या, mithyā) = false; misleading
(ज्ञानम्, jñānam) = knowledge; insight; idea; concept
(, a) = not
(तद्, tad) = that; which; whose
(रूप, rūpa) = form; nature
(अतद्रूप, atadrūpa) = different form
(प्रतिष्ठम्, pratiṣṭham) = rooted, calming, compatible